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??Easterlin? Richard Easterlin??λ??μ???1974,??????£?1978?????

1974?Easterlin??????????????????????????????????????????Easterlin?Easterlin 1974 2017.

о???????С???е???????????е??????????????μ??????????; ???Olivera, 2019?????????о?о?Inglehart 2010351??÷?????????

йΣ???Easterlin2012Easterlin 2013, Li & Raine 2013 Cheng2018??2005й???Asadullah2018?2017 2018.?????Щ?????????

Що???о?Knight & Gunatilaka 2010a???????е???о?30???μ??????institutions??Bartolini2013У????鵽????Diener2013???????global evaluation?????????

??????????????????????????????5???????Borghesi & Vercelli 2012220????5???μ????

????????г???????????????????????????eΣ??????ο?????в??????Sherman et al. 2019


о???μ??С?????????? (Kahneman2006 Ahuvia 2008Asadullah2018Cheng2018 Luo2018)?????????е??????Щ??????????????????



??????λ????λ???????緿?·鱦?о???????????й?????Luttmer 2005 Knight2009Knight & Gunatilaka 2010b, Linssen2011, Guillen-Royo 2011, Fontaine & Yamada 2012Reyes-Garc??a2016Щ??áLayard2010????±????????????????Ravallion & Lokshin 2010йΣAsadullah2018 Luo2018.

±????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????Thompson 2007/2011




о??????λ??????Trewin 201272??2????Ч??2%

Easterlin??Щ??Stevenson & Wolfers (2008, 2013)???к??Layard (2010140?)???????з?????飬??Easterlin???????Ч???

AHUVIA, Aaron (2008). If money doesnt make us happy, why do we act as if it does? Journal of Economic Psychology, 29: 491C507.

ASADULLAH, M. N., XIAO, S., & YEOH, E. (2018). Subjective well-being in China, 2005C2010: The role of relative income, gender, and location. China Economic Review48, 83-101.

BARTOLINI, S., BILANCINI, E. & PUGNO, M. (2013). Did the decline in social connections depress Americans happiness? Social Indicators Research, 110(3): 1033-1059.

BORGHESI, Simone &VERCELLI, Alessandro (2012). Happiness and health: Two paradoxes. Journal of Economic Surveys, 26(2): 203C233.

CHENG, H., CHEN, C., LI, D., & YU, H. (2018). The mystery of Chinese peoples happiness. Journal of Happiness Studies19(7), 2095-2114.

DIENER, E., KAHNEMAN, D. & HELLIWELL, J. (2010). International Differences in Well-Being. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

EASTERLIN, Richard A. (1974). Does economic growth improve the human lot? In: Paul AD, Reder MW (eds) Nations and Households in Economic Growth: Essays in Honour of Moses Abramovitz. New York: Academic Press.

EASTERLIN, Richard A. (2013). Happiness, growth, and public policy, Economic Inquiry 51 (1): 1C15.

EASTERLIN, Richard A. (2017), Paradox Lost?, Review of Behavioral Economics: 4(4): 311-339. http://b42.qsb999.com/10.1561/105.00000068

Or Paradox Regained? Critics from three different disciplines have recently claimed that the Easterlin Paradox is not supported by time-series analysis. New data for both the United States and countries worldwide, however, confirm that long-term trends in growth rates of happiness and real GDP per capita are not significantly positively related. The evidence indicates that it is Paradox Regained. The principal reasons that the critics reach a different conclusion is that they misinterpret the Paradox, omit available data, overlook problems of data comparability, err in the measurement of economic growth, or, most importantly, fail to focus on long-term rather than short-term growth rates.

EASTERLIN, Richard A., MORGAN, R., SWITEK, M, WANG, Fei (2012).Chinas life satisfaction, 1990C2010, PNAS, 109:9775C9780.

FONTAINE, Xavier & YAMADAKatsunori (2012). Economic comparison and group identity: Lessons from India, hal-00711212, version 2.

GUILLEN-ROYO, Monica (2011). Reference group consumption and the subjective wellbeing of the poor in Peru. Journal of Economic Psychology, 259-272.

INGLEHART, Ronald F. (2010). Faith and freedom traditional and modern ways to happiness, in Diener et al, pp. 351-397.

KAHNEMAN, Daniel, & Krueger, Alan B. (2006). Developments in the Measurement of Subjective Well-Being. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 20(1): 3-24.

KAISER, Casper and VENDRIK, Maarten, Different Versions of the Easterlin Paradox: New Evidence for European Countries. IZA Discussion Paper No. 11994. Available at SSRN: http://www.314.52088v.com/abstract=3301760

KNIGHT, John&GUNATILAKA, Ramani (2010a). The rural-urban divide in China: Income but not happiness? Journal of Development Studies,46(3): 506-34.

KNIGHT, John  & GUNATILAKA, Ramani (2010b). Great expectations? The subjective well-being of rural-urban migrants in China, World Development, 38(1): 113-124.

KNIGHT, John, SONG, Lina & GUNATILAKA, Ramani (2009). Subjective well-being and its determinants in rural China. China Economic Review, 20(4): 635-49.

LI, J., & RAINE, J. W. (2014). The time trend of life satisfaction in China. Social Indicators Research116(2), 409-427.

LINSSEN, Rik, VAN KEMPEN, Luuk & KRAAYKAMP, Gerbert (2011). Subjective well-being in rural India: The curse of conspicuous consumption. Social Indicators Research, 101(1): 57-72, DOI: 10.1007/s11205-010-9635-2.

LUO, Yangmei, Tong WANG, and Xiting HUANG 2018.  Which types of income matter most for well\being in China: Absolute, relative or income aspirations? International Journal of Psychology, 53(3): 218-222.

China has experienced remarkable economic growth, but that has not been associated with increases in individual well\being, implying that well\being may not be sensitive to increases in absolute income (AI). Thus, the relationship between well\being and other types of income is worth investigating. This study employed a national sample of 5471 respondents from 31 provinces of China (excluding Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan) to compare the effects of AI, relative income (RI) and income aspirations (IA) on individual well\being in China. The results of a hierarchical regression analysis found that, compared to AI and RI, IA explained more variation in well\being. These findings highlight the importance of IA for well\being among the Chinese.

LUTTMER, Erzo F. P. (2005). Neighbors as negatives: Relative earnings and wellbeing. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 120(3): 963-1002.

OLIVERA, S.V. (2019). Review of Happiness, Wellbeing and Society. What Matters for Singaporeans by Siok Kuan TAMBYAH & Soo Jiuan TANApplied Research Quality Life, doi:10.1007/s11482-019-09737-w

RAVALLION, Martin & LOKSHIN, Michael (2010). Who cares about relative deprivation? Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 73(2): 171-185.

REYES-GARCI?A, V., BABIGUMIRA, R., PYHALA, P., WUNDER, S., ZORONDO-RODRI?GUEZ, F., & ANGELSEN, A. (2016).Subjective wellbeing and income: Empirical patterns in the rural developing world. Journal of HappinessStudies, 17(2), 773C791.

SHERMAN, A., SHAVIT, T. & BAROKAS, G. A. (2019). Dynamic model on happiness and exogenous wealth shock: the case of lottery winners. Journal of Happiness Studies   doi:10.1007/s10902-019-00079-w

STEVENSON, Betsey & WOLFERS, Justin (2008). Economic growth and subjective well-being: Reassessing the Easterlin Paradox. Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Spring.

STEVENSON, Betsey & WOLFERS, Justin (2013). Subjective Well-Being and Income: Is There Any Evidence of Satiation? American Economic Review Papers and Proceedings, 103(3): 598-604.

THOMPSON, Fiona (2007/2011). How the lobster went from poor man's food to rich man's delicacy? http://www.i6l.o1166.com/items/239869-how-the-lobster-went-from-poor-mans-food-to-rich-mans-delicacy


Monash???????????????Global Priorities Institute???

1942?1966??Nanyang Technological University????λ1971?????λ19741985??Monash?θ?Reader1985-2012ν?personal chair, 2013??Emeritus Professor1980????????1986??Whos Who in Economics: A Biographical Dictionary of Major Economists 1700-1986????????, 2007e??????Distinguished Fellow2018????Atkinson Memorial Lecture



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